Another way that increased poverty can be seen in the community is in the increasing number of homeless students. Data reported by the Wisconsin Dept. of Public Instruction shows that the number of homeless students in Brown County rose from 374 in 2003-04 to 1,369 in 2013-14.[1]

The U.S. McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act requires that youth experiencing homelessness and unaccompanied youth must have access to public school educational programs and services that allow them to meet the same challenging state academic standards to which all students are held. The term ‘homeless children and youth’ means school-aged individuals who lack a fixed, regular and adequate nighttime residence due to economic hardship.[2] It includes children and youth who:

  • Are temporarily sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason
  • Are living in motels, hotels, or camping grounds due to lack of alternative adequate accommodations
  • Are living in emergency and transitional shelters
  • Are abandoned in hospitals
  • Have a nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designated for or ordinarily used as regular sleeping accommodation for human beings
  • Are living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settings
  • Are runaway children or children who are abandoned
  • Children awaiting foster care placement

[1] Number of students identified as homeless as reported by each school district in the ESEA Consolidated Application for the 2013-14 school year as of 1/21/2015. See https://dpi.wi.gov/homeless/data

[2] Information on McKinney-Vento and the definition of homelessness come from the Green Bay Area Public Schools Web page https://www.gbaps.org/our_district/departments/student_services/pupil_services/mc_kinney-_vento_program